Dr. Arthur Llewellyn Basham (1914-1986)

in “The wonder that was India” 

……. no other part of the ancient world were the relations of man and man, and of man and the state, so fair and humane. In no other early civilization were slaves so few in number, and in no other ancient law book are their rights so well protected as in the Arthashastra……In all her history of warfare, Hindu India has few tales to tell of cities put to the sword or of the massacre of noncombatants… 

…….. To us the most striking feature of ancient Indian civilization is its humanity…….Our second general impression of ancient India is that her people enjoyed life, passionately delighting both in the things of the senses and the things of the spirit……..India was a cheerful land, whose people, each finding a niche in a complex and slowly evolving social system, reached a higher level of kindliness and gentleness in their mutual relations than any other nation of antiquity. For this, as well as for her great achievements in religion, literature, art, science and mathematics, one European student at least would record his admiration of her ancient culture…

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